After filing, the application goes through an examination process. Examiner would check if an application meets all the requirements. If the application has any objection then applicant is informed to respond. The final rejection is sent by the patent office. There are also opportunities for the third parties to oppose the proceedings. The third parties challenge the validity of an allowed or issued patent at the national patent office on following grounds.
Patents can found to be invalid in whole or in part for any of these reasons.